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Scholarly Communications Digest

Here are 10 items of interest from this week”

SPARC Roadmap for Action – SPARC

From SPARC:

Preview:

SPARC’s Roadmap for Action builds on our previously released Landscape Analysis, providing a set of individual and collective actions that institutions can consider taking to help ensure control of their data and data infrastructure. Recognizing that solutions to these complex issues are not “one size fits all,” this document offers a framework with multiple, concrete solutions that individual organizations can improve and adapt to their local culture and needs. The solution set is by no means exhaustive, and is intended as a starting point for the community to build upon.

Produced by Claudio Aspesi, in collaboration with the SPARC team, the Roadmap for Action is intended to inform discussions of these issues on campus and to serve as a catalyst for taking considered action.

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Source: SPARC Roadmap for Action – SPARC

Elsevier CEO Kumsal Bayazit Debuts at Charleston – The Scholarly Kitchen

From in:

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On Thursday morning, Elsevier’s new CEO Kumsal Bayazit debuted in front of a librarian audience with a keynote address at the Charleston Conference. Bayazit stepped up to the podium amid high expectations. Her predecessor Ron Mobed retired earlier this year, as renewals with major accounts, including the University of California system, appeared stalled. Might Elsevier be rethinking elements of its negotiating tactics, product vision, or corporate strategy?

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Source: Elsevier CEO Kumsal Bayazit Debuts at Charleston – The Scholarly Kitchen

The Writing on the Unpaywall | Library Babel Fish

From Barbara Fister in Library Babel Fish:

Preview:

Since it’s Open Access Week, I finally got around to reading a paper I’d bookmarked a few weeks back, “The Future of OA: A Large-Scale Analysis Projecting Open Access Publication and Readership.” Written by Heather Piwowar, Jason Priem, and Richard Orr, the wizards behind Our Research, a non-profit devoted to developing infrastructure for open research, it makes a measured assessment of how much open access research is being read, what form it takes, and whether being published in an open access form makes a difference in readership and (by extension) in impact. Their analysis is based on the Unpaywall data set and access logs from the handy browser extension that lets you see if there is a legit open access version of a paper. (In other words, it doesn’t include papers publishers want to keep behind a paywall, just papers that are open access from the start, open access after a period of time, or open access because the publisher gave authors the explicit right to post them openly.)

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Source: The Writing on the Unpaywall | Library Babel Fish

Differentiating Between Open Access and Open Educational Resources | VTechWorks

From Anita Walz:

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Differentiating open access and open educational resource can be a challenge in some contexts. Excellent resources such as “How Open Is It?: A Guide for Evaluating the Openness of Journals” (CC BY) https://sparcopen.org/our-work/howopenisit created by SPARC, PLOS, and OASPA greatly aid us in understanding the relative openness of journals. However, visual resources to conceptually differentiate open educational resources (OER) from resources disseminated using an open access approach do not currently exist. Until now.
This one page introductory guide differentiates OER and OA materials on the basis of purpose (teaching vs. research), method of access (analog and digital), and in terms of the relative freedoms offered by different levels of Creative Commons licenses, the most common open license. Many other open licenses, including open software licenses also exist.

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Source: Differentiating Between Open Access and Open Educational Resources

SPARC Releases Connect OER Annual Report for 2018-2019 – SPARC

From SPARC:

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SPARC is pleased to release our 2018-2019 Connect OER Annual Report, which offers insights about OER activities across North America. This year’s report examines the current state of OER activities featuring data from 132 institutions in the U.S. and Canada. Our intent is that these insights will help inform SPARC members, open education advocates, and the library community about current trends, best practices, and the collective impact being achieved through OER at participating institutions. Click here to download the report.

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Source: SPARC Releases Connect OER Annual Report for 2018-2019 – SPARC

OA in the Open: Community Needs and Perspectives | LIS Scholarship Archive Works |

From Rebecca Kennison, Judy Ruttenberg, Yasmeen Shorish, and Liz Thompson in LIS Scholarship Archive Works:

Abstract:

The National Forum described here was proposed as a first step in surfacing community requirements and principles toward a collective open access (OA) collection development system. The Forum asked participants to envision a collective funding environment for libraries to contribute provisioning or sustaining funds to OA content providers. A critical component of this project was to bring together groups of interested and invested individuals with different priorities and perspectives and begin to build a community of engagement and dialogue. By analyzing focus group feedback and leveraging the insights and interactions of participants, this paper presents the challenges, opportunities, and potential next steps for building an OA collection development model and culture based on a community of collective action.

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Source: LIS Scholarship Archive Works | OA in the Open: Community Needs and Perspectives

Libraries and Archivists Are Scanning and Uploading Books That Are Secretly in the Public Domain – VICE

From Karl Bode in Motherboard Tech by VICE:

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A coalition of archivists, activists, and libraries are working overtime to make it easier to identify the many books that are secretly in the public domain, digitize them, and make them freely available online to everyone. The people behind the effort are now hoping to upload these books to the Internet Archive, one of the largest digital archives on the internet.

As it currently stands, all books published in the U.S. before 1924 are in the public domain, meaning they’re publicly owned and can be freely used and copied. Books published in 1964 and after are still in copyright, and by law will be for 95 years from their publication date.

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Source: Libraries and Archivists Are Scanning and Uploading Books That Are Secretly in the Public Domain – VICE

A 21st Century Solution to the Serials Crisis: White paper | Scholastica

From Scholastica:

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As the cost of academic journals continues to rise, institutions and individual scholars are increasingly at risk of losing access to leading research. Time is running out to break this dangerous cycle. This white paper brings together key literature and insights from 5 expert open access (OA) advocates to survey the journal publishing landscape and explore ways research can affordably be made OA. The paper argues the keys to an OA future are: decentralization of the journal market, online-only publishing, and democratization of article production via services.

The paper overviews:

  • The past and present state of journal publishing
  • Current alternatives to the corporate publisher model
  • Steps to realize sustainable, open access-friendly journal models

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Source: A 21st Century Solution to the Serials Crisis: White paper

A Guest Post from CCC – Top 5 Resources on Transformative Agreements – OASPA

From Chuck Hemenway in Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association Blog:

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Transformative Agreements are a popular topic of conversation these days – but do you ever feel like you need a quick refresher course on the topic? Read, watch, or listen to the items below for a deeper practical understanding of Transformative Agreements, fast.

1. “TRANSFORMATIVE AGREEMENTS: What are transformative agreements?” from ESAC Initiative

Transformative Agreements are those contracts negotiated between institutions (libraries, national and regional consortia) and publishers that transform the business model underlying scholarly journal publishing, moving from one based on toll access (subscription) to one in which publishers are remunerated a fair price for their open access publishing services.
Bonus: Browse ESAC’s Agreement Registry for summaries of dozens of recent Transformative Agreements.

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Source: A Guest Post from CCC – Top 5 Resources on Transformative Agreements – OASPA