From SPARC, legislation introduced today:
The Affordable College Textbook Act seeks to reduce the cost of textbooks at U.S. colleges and universities by expanding the use of open textbooks (and other Open Educational Resources) that everyone can use, adapt and share freely. The legislation was introduced on September 26, 2017 by Representatives Polis (D-CO) and Sinema (D-AZ) in the House and Senators Durbin (D-IL), Franken (D-MN), and King (I-ME) in the Senate.
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Source: The Affordable College Textbook Act – SPARC
From Matthew Haag of the New York Times, a settlement has been reached in this famous copyright case:
The selfie of his bucktooth smile and wide amber eyes made Naruto an internet celebrity. But the widely shared image became embroiled in a novel and lengthy lawsuit over whether the monkey owned the rights to it. Naruto lost the first round in federal court in California in 2016, but won a victory of sorts in a settlement on Monday for himself and his friends.
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Source: Who Owns a Monkey Selfie? Settlement Should Leave Him Smiling – NYTimes.com
From Hiroyuki Tsunoda, Yuan Sun, Masaki Nishizawa & Xiaomin Liu, a paper presented at IFLA 2017
Abstract: An Institutional Repository (IR), according to Foster and Gibbons (2005), is an electronic system that captures, preserves, and provides access to the digital work products of a community. IRs with different types of digital content have appeared after 2000s. They aim to provide open access to institutional research output, to create global visibility for institutions’ research, and to store and preserve other institutional digital assets, including unpublished or otherwise easily lost grey literature such as theses, working papers or technical reports. In this paper we take the world top 100 universities ranked in Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2015-2016 as example to investigate the status of contents provided in their IRs, focusing on grey literatures self-archiving. The data was collected from the Directory of Open Access Repositories (OpenDOAR) (www.opendoar.org), which is an authoritative directory of academic open access repositories run by the University of Nottingham. Up to January 2017, there are over 3,000 repositories in the OpenDOAR that are providing their access worldwide. We found that most of the top 100 universities have established the IRs. California Institute of Technology, University of Oxford, University of Edinburgh, New York University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill were having the largest number of IRs, each of them operating six IRs. By searching IRs of the 100 universities individually, 192 repositories for the top 100 universities were identified, indicating each university has an average of 1.92 IRs. The number of contents is about 7 million, and 700 unique document types were identified in the total institutional repositories. We classified these document types into 12 types. As expected, journal articles (43%) have highest proportion, following by theses & dissertations(13%), conference & workshop papers(8%), book chapters & sections(6%), dataset(6%), multimedia & audio-visual materials(4%) and unpublished reports & working papers(4%). It is revealed that a wide variety of grey literature have been stored in institutional repositories, making them searchable and accessible for the public and research communities. This paper will especially focus on the availability of grey literature in IRs and discuss about new roles and possible futures for librarians.
Read here: http://library.ifla.org/id/eprint/1868
From SPARCOpen, a cool quiz to get ideas for Open Access Week:
What Should I Do for Open Access Week? Get matched with resources based on what kind of advocate you are!
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Source: Take Action for Open by sparcopen